Frequently Asked Questions

What are fossil fuels?

They form from once-living things buried deep underground. They are
called fossil fuels because they form from things that lived millions of years ago

What Is FlashPoint?

The Flash Point Of a Flammable Liquid  Is The Lowest Temperature at which It can Form an Ignitable Mixture In air.

At This Temperature The vapor May Cease To Burn When The Source Of Ignition Is Removed.

What is viscosity?

The viscosity of a fluid is a measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress. For liquids, it corresponds to the informal concept of “thickness”. For example, honey has a much higher viscosity than water.

In other words, Viscosity is a property arising from collisions between neighboring particles in a fluid that are moving at different velocities. When the fluid is forced through a tube, the particles which comprise the fluid generally move more quickly near the tube’s axis and more slowly near its walls: therefore some stress, (such as a pressure difference between the two ends of the tube), is needed to overcome the friction between particle layers and keep the fluid moving. For the same velocity pattern, the stress required is proportional to the fluid’s viscosity. In common parlance, however, a liquid is said to be viscous if its viscosity is substantially greater than water’s, and may be described as mobile if the viscosity is noticeably less than water’s. If the viscosity is very high, for instance in pitch, the fluid will appear to be a solid in the short term.

What is Bunker Fuel?

Bunker Fuel, also known as bunker oil, is a type of fuel oil used aboard ships. It is named after the containers, called bunkers, in which it is stored. Bunker fuel is a heavy, residual oil that is high in sulfur content and viscosity. It is a byproduct of crude oil refining processes and is one of the lowest quality and least expensive types of fuel.

What is a Stoke in Centistoke mean?

Stoke is the standard unit of kinematic viscosity in the metric system.

CST? What does 180cst/360cst mean?

CST in the context of 180 CST and 380 CST refers to Centistokes, which is a unit of Kinematic viscosity measures a fluid’s resistance to flow under the influence of gravity. CST represents the viscosity of a fluid in centistokes, where 1 centistokes = 1/100 of a stoke

What is Paraffin Wax?

Paraffin wax is a soft, colorless, odorless solid derived from petroleum, coal, or shale oil. It consists mainly of straight-chain hydrocarbons and is used primarily for its heat-retaining and protective properties. Paraffin wax is versatile substance and has a wide range of applications due to its ability to solidify and melt easy.

What is Pet Coke?

Petroleum Coke, often abbreviated as pet coke. It is carbonaceous solid derive from the refining of Crude Oil. It is a byproduct of the refining process.

What Exactly Is “Trenchless Technology”?

What Is Petroleum?

The prefix “petro-” is an arbitrary abbreviation of the word “petroleum”.
Since “petro-” is Ancient Greek for “rock” and “oleum” means “oil”. Therefore, the etymologically correct term would be “oleochemicals”.

What is Light Diesel Oil (LDO)?

LDO stands for Light Diesel Oil. It is a type of Diesel. It is used in small industroal and agricultureal engines, as well as in certain types of boilers and furnaces. It is often used in applications where high-quality diesel fuel is not necessary, such as stationary engines, pumps, and heating equipment.

What is FO?

FO stands for Furnace Oil or Fuel Oil which is derived from blending various components of Crude Oil. It is commonly used as a fuel in furnaces, boilers, and industrial heating applications.

What is RFO?

RFO is the abbreviation for Residual Fuel Oil, also known as Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) or Bunker Fuel which is used to describe fuels that are left over after refininf process of Crude Oil.

What is LO?

Lubes Oil, short for lubricating oil. It is a type of oil used to lubricate the moving parts of engines and machinery. Its primary purpose is to reduce friction between the components in order to minimize wear and tear, dissipate heat, and prevent corrosion.

What is visconsresidual fuel?

What is Al-Zour Refinery?

The Al-Zour Refinery complex located approximately 90km South of Kuwait. It is estimated to cost approximately $27bn and is expected to be commissioned in mid-2022. It is the second-largest refinery in the Middle East and Kuwait’s largest environmental-friendly oil refinery. The refinery is operated by KIPIC(Kuwait Integrated Petroleum Industries Company), a subsidiary of Kuwait Petroleum Corporation. It is a Kuwait-China cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative.

Also Read: VLSFO firmed HSFO down in Asia.

What is Spread?

Spread is simply the difference between price paid or received for oil in comparison to the benchmark oil.

What is Differential?

Differential is simply the difference between price paid or received for oil in comparison to the benchmark oil.

What is Bitumen?

Bitumen is a mixture of Organic Liquids that are highly Viscous, Black, Sticky, Entirely soluble in Carbon Disulfide, and composed primarily of highly condensed Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons.

What is Crude Bitumen and Refined Bitumen?

Naturally occurring or crude bitumen is a sticky, tar-like form of petroleum which is so thick and heavy that it must be heated or diluted before it will flow. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses. Refined Bitument is the residual (bottom) fraction obatained by fractional distillation of crude oil. It is the heaviest fraction and one with the highest boiling point, boiling at 525oC(977oF).

Asphalt – Tar

in British English, the word ‘Asphalt’ refers to a mixture of mineral aggregate and bitumen (or tarmac in common parlance). The word ‘Tar” refers to the black viscous material obtained from the destrictibe distillation of coal and is chemically distinct from bitumen.

Asphalt/Bitumen – Global Reference

Asphalt or Bitumen or Tar is used as an oil refinery product primarily used for paving roads. The Geek historian Herodotus said hot bitumen was used as mortar in the walls of Babylon. Bitume or Asphalt or Tae was also used in early photogrpahic technology. French scienctist Joseph Nicephore Niepce notably used in the first picture ever taken and was used in his experiments were smeared on pewter plates and then exposed to light, thus making a black and white image. Bitumen or Asphalt or Tar is used in the production of bituminous waterproofing products, Roof shingles, Roofing felt for sealing flat roofs. Bitumen or Asphalt or Tar used as a coating for building with some sdditives and thin Bitumen plates are sometimes used by computer enthisiasts for silencing computer cases or noisy computer parts such as the hard drive. Bitumen layers are baken onto the outside of high-end dishwashers to provide sound insulation.